Emanuela Ceva on Political Justification Through Democratic Participation: The Case for Conscientious Objection(Ceva論透過民主參與而來的政治證成)

Emanuela Ceva在SSRN上面發表了一篇文章:Political Justification Through Democratic Participation: The Case for Conscientious Objection,這篇文章探討的是,集體決定正當性基礎的民主程序論的幾個蘊含,以及良心抵抗是如何可以成為以尊重為主的民主程序論的重要方式之一。推薦閱讀!Ceva從Waldron的民主理論出發,然後引進了Philip Pettit的constestatory Democracy的觀念,在這裡將抗議形式延伸到非法的抗議手段,並且認為非法的抗議手段是對於民主實現的重要方式。Ceva的論證很多,在此僅擷取一段話做說明:「不合法的抗議方式,若適當地限制的話,給予了公民向統治多數直接的溝通管道。因而也加強了他們行使政治參與權利的機會,以及對於民主決策的共同治理有更多積極貢獻的機會。」(Unlawful means of protest, appropriately constrained, give these citizens a direct channel of communication with the governing majority, thus enhancing their opportunities to exercise their right to political participation and to contribute actively to the coauthorship of democratic decisions. )

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