PEA Soup’s Featured Philosopher: Miranda Fricker on Explaining Blame and Forgiveness(Fricker論責備與原諒)

PEASoup這個月邀請到了Miranda Fricker討論她目前新書的寫作計畫,這一篇主要是討論原諒的意義:Explaining Blame and Forgiveness很值得一讀!!推薦給大家!她的Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing也是很棒的一本書。在PEASoup這一篇的文章內,他主要介紹研究的方法,對於責備的典型討論(她稱之為Communicative Blame),以及對於原諒(他區分為兩種基本類型:earned以及non-earned)的討論。她將責備界定為Communicative Blame我認為很有意義,此外亦把earned(透過做錯事的人的懊悔或道歉)而來的原諒視作典型,與communicative blame相結合而來對於原諒這個概念的意義是,原諒的基本重點是將責備的剩餘情感給釋放出來(the release of redundant blame-feeling)。透過懊悔或道歉而來的原諒她稱之為道德正義原諒(Moral Justice Forgiveness),這個是他認為原諒的典型。接下來有趣的是,如何解釋non-earned或是禮物式的原諒呢?例如沒有懊悔或是道歉,但仍被他人原諒?Fricker用悲慘世界做說明,認為她所提出的moral justice forgiveness與這種non-earned式的原諒也有密切關係(請容許我留尾巴,讓大家細細閱讀!)!這一篇真的很有意思,強烈推薦給大家!



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