我們必須對於類似仇恨性言論堅定地表示拒絕的立場

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日前的同性婚姻的民法修正案,立法院舉辦公聽會。謝啟大提供意見,以蟑螂的譬喻告訴大家同性婚姻通過之後的效果(未完整影片在此)。

Jeremy Waldron曾提到了仇恨性言論的目的。他說:

The publication of hate speech is calculated to undermine this. Its aim is to compromise the diginity of those at whom it is targeted, both in their own eyes and in the eyes of other members of society. And it sets out to make the establishment and upholding of their diginity- in the sense that I have described- much more difficult. It aims to besmirch the basics of their reputation, by associating ascriptive characteristics like ethnicity, or race, or religion with conduct or attributes that should disqualify someone from being treated as a member of society in good standing. (Jeremy Waldron, The Harm in Hate Speech, p. 5)

當謝啟大在公聽會場合以蟑螂舉例,說明自身對於婚姻平權的反對立場時。我想她不是在對那些態度不決的人講話,也不是在對立法委員說話,而是在對那些真是覺得同性婚姻是骯髒的人說話,他所使用的譬喻不是失當而已,而是企圖減損同志的尊嚴。

今天謝啟大的言論著實地曝露出她內心的真實評價。然而當她在公聽會場合,以蟑螂的譬喻去羞辱同志時,我們不應該容忍這樣的言論,我必須告訴她:沒有一個人有正當的理由可以透過自己在公共領域的發言機會,以羞辱與貶抑尊嚴的方式,去看待另外一群人。謝啟大這次的言論的確可能是受到言論自由「權」所保障的,但這不蘊含他的言論是擁有道德許可性(moral permissibility)。

本部落格版主一家都支持婚姻平權!而且,同時必須也告訴謝啟大,不要再用言語直接或間接地傷害別人了,妳沒有資格站在那個公聽會上的檯子發言。



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